The Asianisation of Australia: volume 2, part 1, section 7



Immigration Categories


Because of category jumping, it has therefore been recommended by some demographers to look at short-term, long-term, and permanent arrivals as a whole, not just at the "settler", or even "permanent and long-term" immigration statistics.

To illustrate the difference between the different categories of immigration statistics, compare the different categories in the following Tables.




TABLE 7

COMPARISON OF IMMIGRATION STATISTICS:
IMMIGRATION: FINANCIAL YEAR 1994/95
(20)


                                            U.K. and
                            Asia     %      Europe     %      Other     %       Total     %

Permanent (settlers)      38 448  44.0      25 523  29.2      23 457  26.8      87 428  100

Permanent
and long-term             96 416  40.4      53 714  22.5      88 393  37.1     238 523  100

Total permanent, long
-term, and short-term  2 163 354  35.1   1 321 957  21.5   2 675 439  43.4   6 160 750  100




TABLE 8

COMPARISON OF IMMIGRATION STATISTICS:
NET IMMIGRATION: FINANCIAL YEAR 1994/95
(21)


                                           U.K. and
                        Asia      %        Europe      %      Other      %       Total     %

Settlers                35 923   47.9      20 660   27.6      18 373   24.5      74 956   100


Permanent               35 118   58.1      19 746   32.6       5 616    9.3      60 480   100

Permanent
and long-term           52 604   56.5      27 338   29.4      13 100   14.1      93 042   100

Total permanent, long
-term, and short-term   40 495   37.9      42 576   39.8      23 852   22.3     106 923   100



However, it should be noted that total immigration figures are based largely upon short-term arrivals, which unfortunately are derived from sampling estimates, rather than proper counting of all such short-term movement. The Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) says that "All movements with a duration of stay of less than one year are sampled", and maintains that "For any estimate of greater than 10,000 the relative standard error will be less than 6%". The ABS reports that "All movements with a duration of stay less than one year are sampled using the following stratification:

"Country of Citizenship:                           Sample:
Australia                                          1 in 55
Japan                                              1 in 50
New Zealand, United Kingdom (excluding Ireland)
   and the United States of America                1 in 40
Germany, Malaysia, Singapore and Taiwan            1 in 20
Canada, France, Indonesia, Italy, Netherlands,
   Republic of Korea, Switzerland and Thailand     1 in 15
Any other individual country depending on the
   number of movements                             1 in 1, or 1 in 4,
                                                   or 1 in 10 ".(22)


The Asianisation of Australia:
Statistics (Immigration, Ethnicity, and Trade) (Volume 2)

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