Republic Versus Monarchy - References



References


1. The Macquarie Dictionary, 2nd rev. ed., Macquarie Library, 1987, p. 1106.

2. The New Encyclopedia Britannica, Encyclopedia Britannica, Chicago; Sydney, c1987, pp. 244-245.
The World Book Encyclopedia, World Book, Chicago; Sydney, c1993, vol. 13 p. 541.

3. The Macquarie Dictionary op. cit., p. 1444.

4. Adam Wynn, 'The Republicans are Coming!', in Geoffrey Dutton (ed.), Republican Australia?, Sun Books, South Melbourne, 1977, p. 177.

5. Ronald Allison & Sarah Riddell (eds), The Royal Encyclopedia, Macmillan, London, 1991, p. 115.

Another feature of earlier times was the belief in the "Royal Touch". The idea was that "because anointed kings were divinely chosen, they had special healing powers" (a notion related to the "Divine Right" theory). This curious custom, "inspired possibly by the priestly character of the kingship", was revived by Charles II in 1660 (who, in only eleven months during 1662 and 1663, gave 11,577 "touches") and continued through the reigns of James II, William and Mary, and Anne.

Tom Nairn, The Enchanted Glass: Britain and its Monarchy, Hutchinson Radius, London, 1988, p. 73.
W. S. Shears, The King: The Story and Splendour of British Monarchy, Hutchinson, London, 1937, p. 17.
A. N. Wilson, The Rise and Fall of the House of Windsor, Sinclair-Stevenson, London, 1993, p. 42.

6. Graham & Heather Fisher, Monarchy and the Royal Family, Robert Hale, London, 1979, p. 151.

7. Refer to the section in this publication: 'An Historical Soap Opera of British Royalty'.

8. George Winterton, Monarchy to Republic: Australian Republican Government, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, 1986, p. 22.

9. Donald Horne, 'A New Common Sense For Australia', in Donald Horne (ed.), The Coming Republic, Sun Australia; Pan Macmillan, Sydney, 1992, p. 15.

10. Ronald Allison, op. cit., pp. 4, 94, 530.

11. Ronald Allison, op, cit, pp. 4, 48, 530.
Stephen Neill, Anglicanism, Mowbrays, London, 1977, p. 173.
Leslie Paul, A Church by Daylight: A Reappraisement of the Church of England and its Future, Geoffrey Chapman, London, c 1973, p. 110.

12. Ronald Allison, op. cit., pp. 54, 296, 331.
Graham Fisher, op. cit., pp. 146, 267.
Majesty, Vol. 13, No. 8 (August 1992), p. 33.

13. Ronald Allison, op. cit., pp. 252, 529.
Graham Fisher, op. cit., pp. 80-81.

14. Ronald Allison, op. cit., pp. 483, 529.
Geoffrey Hindley, The Guinness Book of British Royalty, Guinness, Middlesex, c1989, p. 4.

15. Ronald Allison, op. cit., p. 529.

16. Philip M. Thomas, 'The Coburg Succession and the British Crown', in Peter Townend (ed.), Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage, Burke's Peerage, London, 1967, pp. XXXI, XXXVI.

17. Ronald Allison, op., pp. 216, 254, 579.

18. Encyclopedia Britannica, William Benton, Chicago, c1971, vol. 10, pp. 207-208; vol. 23, pp. 533-534.
Graham Fisher, op. cit., p. 120-121.
Norah Lofts, Queens of Britain, Hodder and Stoughton, London, c1977, p. 137.
Joyce Marlow, The Life and Times of George I, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, c1973, pp. 67, 138.
Joyce Marlow, Kings and Queens of Britain, Artus, London, 1977, pp. 125, 129.
John Miller, The Life and Times of William and Mary, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, c1974, pp. 95, 206.
J. H. Plumb, The First Four Georges, Hamlyn, London, 1974, pp. 75-76, 93.

19. Encyclopedia Britannica, op. cit., vol. 19, p. 303.
Norah Lofts, op. cit., p. 39.
Joyce Marlow, Kings and Queens of Britain, op. cit., p. 24.

20. Joyce Marlow, Kings and Queens of Britain, op. cit., p. 24.

21. Norah Lofts, op. cit., p. 141-142.
Joyce Marlow, Kings and Queens of Britain, op. cit., p. 125.
A. L. Rouse, The Illustrated History of Britain, Crescent Books, 1979, p. 99, 100.

22. The Herald, 24 November 1982, p. 10.
Dorothy Marshall, The Life and Times of Victoria, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, c1972, pp. 24-25.

23. Ronald Allison, op. cit., p. 508.
Encyclopedia Britannica, op. cit., vol. 23, pp. 448-449, 574.
Hugh Montgomery-Massingberd (ed.), Burke's Royal Families of the World, Vol. 1: Europe & Latin America, Burke's Peerage, London, 1977, pp. 302.
Richard Tomlinson, Divine Right: The Inglorious Survival of British Royalty, Little, Brown and Company, London, 1994, p.42.

24. Graham Fisher, op. cit., p. 157.
Encyclopedia Britannica, op. cit., vol. 23, p. 574.
Richard Tomlinson, op. cit., p.43.

25. Ronald Allison, op. cit., p. 579.
Graham Fisher, op. cit., p. 157-158.
James Orton (ed.), Debrett's Handbook of Australia, 3rd ed., Debrett's Peerage (Australasia); William Collins, Sydney, 1987, p. P163.

26. James Orton, op. cit., p. P163.
A. N. Wilson, op. cit., p. 132.

27. Encyclopedia Britannica, op. cit., vol. 12, p. 858; vol. 23, p. 533.
The New Encyclopedia Britannica, op. cit., vol. 29, p. 65.
A. L. Rouse, op. cit., p. 83.

28. Encyclopedia Britannica, op. cit., vol. 5, p. 325; vol. 12, pp. 858, 859B.
David Daiches, Charles Edward Stuart: The Life and times of Bonnie Prince Charlie, Thames and Hudson, c1973, p. 9.

29. Graham Fisher, op. cit., p. 131.
Geoffrey Hindley, op. cit., p. 48-49.

30. Theo Aronson, Kings Over the Water: The Saga of the Stuart Pretenders, Cassell, London, 1979, pp. 229, 231-232.
Trevor N. Dupay, Curt Johnson, David L. Bongard, The Encyclopedia of Military Biography, I. B. Tauris, London, 1992, pp. 645-646.
Peter Gibson, The Concise Guide to Kings and Queens: A Thousand Years of European Monarchy, Webb & Bower, Exeter, 1985, p.13.
Walter V. Hueck (ed.), Genealogisches Handbuch Der Furstlichen Hauser, C. A. Starke Verlag, Limburg an der Lahn, 1987, pp. 1-9.
Barry Jones and M. V. Dixon (eds), The Macmillan Dictionary of Biography, 3rd ed., Macmillan, Crows Nest, 1989, p. 911.
John Keegan and Andrew Wheatcroft, Who's Who in Military History: From 1453 to the Present Day, Hutchinson, London, 1987, p. 284.
Hugh Montgomery-Massingberd, op. cit., pp. 148.
Nicholas Shakespeare, The Men Who Would be King: A Look at Royalty in Exile, Sedgwick and Jackson, London, 1984, pp. 139-140.
A. N. Wilson, op. cit., p. 197.

There are a number of other potential claimants to the British Throne; for example:

Evidence suggests that "Baron Fitzwalter represented the descendants of Duncan II of Scotland - and could therefore claim precedence over the present royal family who descend from Duncan's younger half-brother David."

Henry VIII "nominated the Greys before the Stuarts by his second Act of Succession in 1536. In default of heirs to his son Edward VI, the crown was to pass to the line of Henry's younger sister Margaret. Edward VI subsequently confirmed this by letters patent". But Henry's spinster daughter Elizabeth favoured the Stuart line of Margaret, even though on Elizabeth's death Lord Beauchamp was then the legal king. Therefore by that reckoning, his descendent, Lady Kinloss, should be the legal Queen.

The Duke of Monmouth, the illegitimate son of Charles II (but said to be legitimate, by virtue of Charles' secret marriage to Lucy Walker), led a rebellion in 1685 to claim the throne. He was defeated and hung soon after, along with 150 followers (another 800 were sent into slavery). His descendent, the Duke of Buccleuch, has recently been touted as a replacement for the Windsors.

Nicholas Shakespeare, op. cit., pp. 136-143.
A. L. Rowse, op. cit., p. 83.
Geoffrey Hindley, op. cit., p. 49.
Encyclopedia Britannica, op. cit., vol. 15, p. 742.
A. N. Wilson, op. cit., p. 197.

31. Ronald Allison, op. cit., p. 320.
Nicholas Shakespeare, op. cit., p. 139.

32. The Europa World Year Book 1992, Europa Publications, London, c1992, vol. I, pp. 1041, 1255; vol. II, pp. 2919-2922.
World Encyclopedia of Political Systems & Parties, Second Edition, Facts On File Publications, New York, c1987, vol. I, p. 428.

33. New Idea, 21 March 1992, p. 34.

34. George Winterton, op. cit., p. 145.

35. Tom Nairn, op. cit., pp. 170-171.

36. 'Queen, Maggie Rift On Sth Africa', in The Sunday Press, 8 June 1986.
A.N. Wilson, op. cit., pp. 22, 27.

37. Ronald Allison, op. cit., pp. 117, 170, 172-173.
Richard Tomlinson, op. cit., pp. 289-292.

38. Ronald Allison, op. cit., p. 518.
Michael Kirby, 'Constitutional Monarchy the Radical Position', in Kaye Healey (ed.), Towards a Republic, The Spinney Press, Wentworth Falls, c1993, p. 7.
Trevor McDonald, The Queen and the Commonwealth, Thames Television; Methuen, London, 1986, pp. 170, 172.

39. Rohan Rivert, 'The Monarchy and the Migrant', in Geoffrey Dutton (ed.), Australia and the Monarchy: A Symposium, Sun Books, Melbourne. 1966, p. 70.
George Winterton, op. cit., p. 145.

40. Zelman Cowen, 'The Constitutional Aspects', in Geoffrey Dutton (ed.), Republican Australia?, Sun Books, South Melbourne, 1977,p. 48-49.
Zelman Cowen, 'The Office of Governor-General', in Stephen R. Graubard (ed), Australia: The Daedalus Symposium, Angus & Robertson, North Ryde, NSW, 1985, p. 140.
Christopher Dore, 'Keating's Republic Would Have Saved Whitlam: Fraser', in The Australian, 14-15 October 1995, p. 7.
David Solomon, Elect the Governor-General!, Nelson, West Melbourne, 1976, pp. 14, 37.
George Winterton, op. cit., p. 146.

41. Daniel O'Connell, 'Monarchy or Republic?', in Geoffrey Dutton(ed.), Republican Australia?, Sun Books, South Melbourne, 1977, p. 40.
George Winterton, op. cit., p. 18.

42. The Music with the Form and Order of the Service to be Performed at the Coronation of Her Most Excellent Majesty Queen Elizabeth II in the Abbey Church of Westminster on Tuesday the 2nd day of June 1953, Novello, London, 1953, p. 14.

43. Encyclopedia Britannica, op. cit., vol. 23, p. 533.
Richard Tomlinson, op. cit., p. 293.

44. Ronald Allison, op. cit., pp. 30, 482-483.

45. Daniel O'Connell, op. cit., p. 27.
R.D. Lumb, The Constitutions of the Australian States, Fifth Edition, University of Queensland Press, St. Lucia, Queensland, 1991, pp. 99-100.

46. Ronald Allison, op. cit., p. 483.

47. Donald Horne, 'A Case for a Republic', in Geoffrey Dutton (ed.), Republican Australia?, Sun Books, South Melbourne, 1977, p. 19.

48. George Winterton, op. cit., p. 143.

49. The places of King Harald V and Crown Prince Olav in the line of succession were calculated by using:
Ronald Allison, op. cit., p. 530.
Buckingham Palace, private correspondence with.
Alan Hamilton, The Royal Handbook, R. D. Press, Surry Hills, N.S.W., 1985, pp. 8-12.
Charles Kidd and David Williamson (eds), Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage, Debrett's Peerage, London, 1990, pp. 83-113, P466, P574-P576.
Hugh Montgomery-Massingberd, op. cit., pp. 428-433.
Charles Moritz (ed.), Current Biography Yearbook 1991, H. W. Wilson, New York, c1992, pp. 652-653.
Andrew Sinclair, The Other Victoria: The Princess Royal and the Great Game of Europe, Weidenfeld and Nicolson, London, 1981, pp. XII-XIII.

50. Encyclopedia Britannica, op. cit., vol. 4, p. 810.
Geoffrey Hindley, op. cit., p. 15.

51. The Europa World Year Book 1992, op. cit., vol. I, p. 115.

52. Geoffrey Barker, 'Queen Backs Republic Push by Year 2001: PM', in The Age, 23 October 1993, p. 3.
Geoffrey Barker, 'A Toothless Tiger with Little Left to Roar About', in The Age, 23 October 1993, p. 21.

53. Elizabeth Johnston, 'Becoming a Republic... What it would Mean', in The Australian Women's Weekly, June 1993, p. 121.

54. Professor Brent Waters, 'The Ties That Bind: A Psychology of Australian Monarchists', in Donald Horne (ed.), The Coming Republic, Sun Australia; Pan Macmillan, Sydney, 1992, p. 172.

55. Tom Keneally, Our Republic, William Heinemann Australia, Port Melbourne, 1993, pp. 165, 227-230.
The Sydney Morning Herald, 25th October 1889, cited in Russell Ward & John Robertson (eds), Such Was Life: Select Documents in Australian Social History: Vol. 2, 1851-1913, Alternative Publishing, Chippendale, 1980, pp. 305-306. SL(NS):D252471.

56. Ronald Allison, op. cit., p. 453.

57. A. N. Wilson, op. cit., p. 1.
Beatrice Faust, 'Chocolate Royals: The Psychology of Figureheads and Folk Heroes', in Geoffrey Dutton (ed.), Republican Australia?, Sun Books, South Melbourne, 1977, p. 98.
A. J. Marshall, 'The Monarchy in Great Britain', in Geoffrey Dutton (ed.), Australia and the Monarchy: A Symposium, Sun Books, Melbourne, 1966, p. 36.

58. A. N. Wilson, op. cit., pp. 1-2.

59. A. N. Wilson, op. cit., p. 71.
Adam Stuart, 'The People's Choice', in Majesty, Vol. 14, No. 5 (May 1993), p. 51.

60. Tom Keneally, op. cit., p. 224.

61. John McMillan, Gareth Evans, & Hadden Storey, Australia's Constitution: Time for Change?, The Law Foundation of New South Wales; George Allen and Unwin, Sydney, 1983, p. 182.

62. All years of reigns are taken from the main entry for each king in the relevant volumes of the Encyclopedia Britannica, op. cit.

63. Tom Nairn, op. cit., p. 283.

64. The Age, 2 January 1993, Saturday Extra Section, p. 5.
Ronald Allison, op. cit., p. 558.
The Macquarie Dictionary, op. cit., p. 1356.

65. Encyclopedia Britannica, op. cit., vol 10, p. 212.
Graham Fisher, op. cit., p. 142.
Joyce Marlow, Kings and Queens of Britain, op. cit., p. 137.

66. Norah Lofts, op. cit., p. 142.

67. Encyclopedia Britannica, op. cit., vol. 10, p. 207.
Joyce Marlow, Kings and Queens of Britain, op. cit., pp. 125-126.

68. Joyce Marlow, Kings and Queens of Britain, op. cit., p. 115.

69. Graham Fisher, op. cit., p. 140.
Joyce Marlow, Kings and Queens of Britain, op. cit., p. 108.

70. Graham Fisher, op. cit., p. 137.
The Macquarie Dictionary, op. cit., p. 979.

71. Graham Fisher, op. cit., p. 136.
Joyce Marlow, Kings and Queens of Britain, op. cit., p. 68.

72. Norah Lofts, op. cit., p. 51.
Graham Fisher, op. cit., p. 134.

73. Norah Lofts, op. cit., p. 42.

74. Norah Lofts, op. cit., p. 37.




Republic Versus Monarchy

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