Union Jacks and Southern Skies

The Australian Commonwealth Flag
and the need for a new National Flag

Gary Howell


Part One: The Creation of the Commonwealth Flag
The Need for a Federal Flag
Competition for a Flag
No Flag Without a Union Jack
The Decision Lies With Britain
The 1909 Amendment
Criticism of the Flag
The Union Jack in Australia's Flag

Part Two: The Status of the Flag
The National Flag Misunderstood
The Flag At War
British Blue Ensigns Throughout the World

Appendix One: Union Jack Or Union Flag?
Appendix Two: The Use of the Southern Cross in Australian Flags
Appendix Three: The National Flag: Extracts From Government Documents


Note: Reference numbers with an asterix refer to those references which include a comment.

October 1997

Australian Nationalism Information Database